Badinter, E. (1981). Mother love: Myth and reality. New York: Macmillan.
Barclay, L., Everitt, L., Rogan, F., Schmied, V., and Wyllie, A. (1997). Becoming a mother—an analysis of women's experience of early motherhood. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 25, 719-728.
Barnard, K. E. (1976). NCAST II learners' resource manual. Seattle, WA: Nursing Child Assessment Satellite Training.
Barnard, K. E. (1994). What the feeding scale measures. In G. Sumner and A. Spietz (Eds.), NCAST feeding manual (pp. 98121). Seattle, WA: Nursing Child Assessment Satellite Training. (Available only with training; telephone 206-543-8528.)
Barnard, K. E., Hammond, M. A., Booth, C. L., Mitchell, S. K., and Spieker, S. J. (1989). Measurement and meaning of parent-child interaction. In F. J. Morrison, C. E. Lord, and D. P. Keating (Eds.), Applied development psychology (Vol. 3, pp. 39-80). New York: Academic.
Barnard, K. E., and Kelly, J. F. (1989). Assessment of parent-child interaction. In S. J. Meisels and J. P. Shonkoff (Eds.), Handbook of early childhood intervention (pp. 278-302). New York: Cambridge University Press.
Barnard, K. E., Spieker, S. J., and Huebner, C. E. (1996). Attachment in Early Head Start: Process and outcomes. Unpublished manuscript.
Basch, M. F. (1983). Empathetic understanding: A review of the concept and some theoretical considerations. Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 31, 101-126.
Beckwith, L., and Cohen, E. E. (1984). Home environment and cognitive competence in preterm children during the first 5 years. In A. W. Gottfried (Ed.), Home environment and early cognitive development (pp. 235-271). New York: Academic.
Bee, H. L., Barnard, K. E., Eyres, S. J., Hammond, M. A., Spietz, A. L., Snyder, C., and Clark, B. (1982). Prediction of IQ and language skill from perinatal status, child performance, family characteristics, and mother-infant interaction. Child Development, 53, 1134-1156.
Bell, S. M., and Ainsworth, M. D. S. (1972). Infant crying and maternal responsiveness. Child Development, 43, 1171-1190.
Belsky, J., Rovine, M., and Taylor, D. G. (1984). The Pennsylvania infant and family development project, III: The origins of individual differences in infant-mother attachment: Maternal and infant contributions. Child Development, 55, 718-728.
Benedek, T. (1959). Parenthood as a developmental phase: A contribution to the libido theory. Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association, 7, 379-417.
Benoit, D., and Parker, K. C. H. (1994). Stability and transmission of attachment across three generations. Child Development, 65, 1444-1456.
Bergum, V. (1997). A child on her mind. Westport, CT: Bergin and Garvey.
Bornstein, M. H. (1989). Between caretakers and their young: Two modes of interaction and their consequences for cognitive growth. In M. H. Bornstein and J. S. Bruner (Eds.), Interaction in human development (pp. 197-214). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Bornstein, M. H., and Tamis-LeMonda, C. S. (1989). Maternal responsiveness and cognitive development in children. In M. H. Bornstein (Ed.), Maternal responsiveness: Vol. 43. Characteristic and consequences. New directions for child development (pp. 49-61). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Bowlby, J. (1953). Childcare and the growth of love. Harmondsworth, England: Penguin.
Brazelton, T. B. (1992). Touchpoints: Your child's emotional and behavioral development. Reading, MA: Perseus.
Brazelton, T., Koslowski, B., and Main, M. (1974). The origins of reciprocity: The early mother-infant interaction. In N. Lewis and L. Rosenblum (Eds.), The effect of the infant on its caregiver. New York: Wiley.
Brazelton, T. B., Tronick, E., Adamson, L., Als, H., and Wise, S. (1975). Early mother-infant reciprocity. In Parent—infant interaction (Symposium of the CIBA Foundation) (137-153, New Serial., 33). Amsterdam: Elsevier.
Brody, S. (1956). Patterns of mothering. New York: International Universities Press.
Burr, W. R. (1972). Role transitions. A reformulation of theory. Journal of Marriage and the Family, 34, 407-416.
Censullo, M., Bowler, R., Lester, B., and Brazelton, T. B. (1987). An instrument for the measurement of infant-adult synchrony. Nursing Research, 36, 342-346.
Censullo, M., Lester, B., and Hoffman, J. (1985). Rhythmic patterning in mother-newborn interaction. Nursing Research, 34, 342-346.
Chicago Health Connection. (2000). The Chicago Doula Project. Chicago, IL: Author.
Clarke-Stewart, K. A. (1973). Interactions between mothers and their young children: Characteristics and consequences. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 38 (153, Serial No. 38).
Coates, D. L., and Lewis, M. (1984). Early mother-infant interaction and infant cognitive status as predictors of school performance and cognitive behavior in six-year-olds. Child Development, 55, 1219-1230.
Connolly, E. F. (2000). Toward an understanding of mothering: A comparison of two motherhood stages. American Journal ofOccupational Therapy, 54, 281-289.
Dennis, W. (1973). Children of the creche. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts.
Deutsch, H. (1945). The psychology of women (Vol. 2). New York: Grune and Stratton.
Emde, R. N. (1980). Emotional availability: A reciprocal reward system for infants and parents with implications for prevention of psychosocial disorders. In P. M. Taylor (Ed.), Parent—infant relationships (pp. 87-115). Orlando, FL: Grune and Stratton.
Elardo, R., Bradley, R., and Caldwell, B. (1975). The relations of infants' home environments to mental test performance from six to thirty-six months: A longitudinal analysis. Child Development, 46, 71-76.
Fields, T. (1994). The effects of mother's physical and emotional unavailability on emotional regulation. In N. A. Fox (Ed.), The development of emotion regulation: Biological and behavioral considerations. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Freud, A., and Burlingame, D. (1944). Infants without families. New York: International Universities Press.
Freud, S. (1918). Totems and taboo: Resemblances between the psychic lives of savages and neurotics. Original paper published 1913. Translated by A. A. Brill, PhB, MD. New York: Vintage Books.
Gabinet, L. (1986). A protocol for assessing competence to parent a newborn. General Hospital Psychiatry, 8, 263-272.
Goldberg, S. (1977). Social competence in infancy: A model of parent-infant interaction. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 23, 163-177.
Greenberg, M. T., Speltz, M. L., and DeKlyen, M. (1993). The role of attachment in the early development of disruptive behavior problems. Development and Psychopathology, 5, 191-213.
Greenspan, S. I., and Lieberman, A. F. (1980). Infants, mothers, and their interaction: A qualitative clinical approach to developmental assessment. In S. Greenspan and G. H. Pollock (Eds.), The course of life (Vol. I, pp. 271-312). (DHHS Publication No. 80-786). Washington, DC: National Institute of Mental Health.
Haft, W. L., and Slade, A. (1989). Affect attunement and maternal attachment: A pilot study. Infant Mental Health Journal, 10, 157-171.
Hammond, M. A., Bee, H. L., Barnard, K. E., and Eyres, S. J. (1983). Child health assessment: Part IV. Follow-up at second grade. (Grant RO 1-NU-00816, Final Report of Division of Nursing, Bureau of Health Professions, Health Resources and Services Administration, U.S. Public Health Service). Seattle, WA: Nursing Child Assessment Satellite Training, University of Washington.
Hartrick, G. A. (1997). Women who are mothers: The experience of defining self. Health Care for Women International, 18, 263-277.
Hrdy, S. B. (1999). Mother nature: A history of mothers and infants, and natural selection. New York: Pantheon.
Johnson, M. C. (1991). Infant and toddler sleep: A telephone survey of parents in one community. Journal ofDevelopmental and Behavioral Pediatrics, 12, 108-114.
Josten, L. (1982). Contrast in prenatal preparation for mothering. Maternal—Child Journal, 11, 65-73.
Jung, C. G. (1959). Psychological aspects of the mother archetype. In R. C. F. Hill (Trans.) The collected works of C. G. Jung (Vol. 9, pp. 75-84). Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press. (Original work published 1938)
Kochanska, G., and Aksan, N. (1995). Mother-child mutually positive affect, the quality of child compliance to requests and prohibitions, and maternal control as correlates of early internalization. Child Development, 66, 236-254.
Kochanska, G., Aksan, N., andKoenig, A. L. (1995). A longitudinal study of the roots of preschoolers' conscience: Committed compliance and emerging internalization. Child Development, 66, 1752-1769.
Kochanska, G., and Murray, K. T. (2000). Mother-child mutually responsive orientation and conscience development: From toddler to early school age. Child Development, 71, 417-431.
Lederman, R. P. (1984). Psychosocial adaptation in pregnancy. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.
Lederman, R., Lederman, E., Workk, B. A., and McCann, D. S. (1978). The relationship of maternal anxiety, plasma cate-cholamines and plasma control to progress in labor. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 132, 495-500.
Lester, B. M., Hoffman, J., and Brazelton, T. B. (1985). The rhythmic structure of mother-infant interaction in term and preterm infants. Child Development, 56, 15-27.
Lester, E. P., and Notman, M. T. (1988). Pregnancy and object relations: Clinical considerations. Psychoanalytic Inquiry, 8, 196-221.
Lyons-Ruth, K., and Block, D. (1996). The disturbed caregiving system: Relations among childhood trauma, maternal caregiving, and infant affect and attachment. Infant Mental Health Journal, 17, 257-275.
Mahler, M. S. (1961). On sadness and grief in infancy and childhood. The Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 16, 332-351.
Mahler, M. S., Pine, F., and Bergman, A. (1975). The psychological birth of the human infant: Symbiosis and individuation. New York: Basic Books.
Main, M., and Goldwyn, R. (1994). Adult attachment rating and classification system. Unpublished manuscript, University of California at Berkeley.
McBride, A. B. (1987). How to enjoy a good life with your teenager. Tucson, AZ: Fisher Books.
Mercer, R. T. (1981). A theoretical framework for studying factors that impact on the maternal role. Nursing Research, 30, 73-77.
Mercer, R. T. (1985). The process of maternal role attainment over the first year. Nursing Research, 34, 198-204.
Mercer, R. T. (1986). First-time motherhood: Experiences from the teens to forties. New York: Springer.
Morisset, C. E. (1994). What the teaching scale measures. In G. Sumner and A. Spietz (Eds.), NCAST teaching manual (pp. 100-127). Seattle, WA: Nursing Child Assessment Satellite Training. (Available only through training: telephone 206-543-8528.)
National Research Council and Institute of Medicine. (2000). From neurons to neighborhoods: The science of early development. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.
Nelson, K. (1973). Structure and strategy in learning to talk. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 38 (1-2, Serial No. 149).
NICHD Early Child Care Research Network. (in press). Parenting and family influences when children are in childcare: Results from the NICHD study of early childcare. In J. G. Borkowski, S. Ramey, and Bristol-Power, M. (Eds.), Parenting and the child's world: Influences on intellectual, academic and socioemotional development. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
Olson, S. L., Bates, J. E., and Bayles, K. (1984). Mother-infant interaction and the development of individual differences in children's cognitive competence. Developmental Psychology, 20, 166-179.
Papousek, H., and Bornstein, M. H. (1992). Didactic interaction: Intuitive parental support of vocal and verbal development in human infants. In H. Papousek, U. Jurgens, and M. Papousek (Eds.), Nonverbal vocal communication: Comparative and developmental approaches (pp. 209-229). Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.
Paxson, D. (1998). The matronae (the mothers), Sage Woman, 43, 35-41.
Pines, D. (1972). Pregnancy and motherhood: Interaction between fantasy and reality. British Journal of Medical Psychology, 45, 333-343.
Provence, S., and Lipton, R. C. (1962). Infants in institutions. New York: International Universities Press.
Ramey, C. T., Farran, D. C., and Campbell, F. A. (1979). Predicting IQ from mother-infant interactions. Child Development, 50, 804-814.
Rubin, R. (1967a). Attainment of the maternal role: Models and referents. Nursing Research, 16, 342-346.
Rubin, R. (1967b). Attainment of the maternal role: Processes. Nursing Research, 16, 237-245.
Rubin, R. (1977). Binding-in the postpartum period. Maternal-Child Nursing Journal, 6, 67-75.
Rubin, R. (1984). Maternal identity and maternal experience. New York: Springer.
Ruble, D. N., Fleming, A. S., Stangor, C., Brooks-Gunn, J., Fitzmaurice, G., and Deutsch, F. (1990). Transition to motherhood and the self: Measurement, stability, and change. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 58, 450-463.
Sagi, A., van IJzendoorn, M. H., Aviezer, O., Konnell, F., and Mayseless, O. (1994). Sleeping out of home in a kibbutz communal arrangement: It makes a difference for infant-mother attachment. Child Development, 65, 992-1004.
Sander, L. W. (1962). Issues in early mother- child interaction. Journal of American Academy of Child Psychiatry, 1,141-166.
Sander, L. W. (1964). Adaptive relationships in early mother-child interaction. Journal of American Academy of Child Psychiatry, 3, 231-264.
Scarr, S., and McCartney, K. (1983). How people make their own environments: A theory of genotype to environment effects. Child Development, 54, 424-435.
Settlage, C. F. (1980). The psychoanalytic theory and the understanding of psychic development during the second and third years of life. In S. I. Greenspan and G. H. Pollack (Eds.), The course of life: psychoanalytic contributions toward understanding personality development: Vol. 1. Infancy and early childhood (pp. 523-539). (DHHS Publications No. ADM 80-786). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.
Slade, A., and Cohen, L. J. (1996). The process of parenting and the remembrance of things past. Infant Mental Health Journal, 17, 217-238.
Solchany, J. E. (2001). Rehearsal for mothering: A handbook for prenatal mental health, maternal role attainment, and the mother-child relationship. Seattle, WA: Nursing Child Assessment Satellite Training, School of Nursing, University of Washington.
Solchany, J., Sligar, K., and Barnard, K. E. (in press). Attachment promoting interventions in pregnancy: The parent-child communication-coaching program. In J. M. M. Duran (Ed.), Infant and early childhood mental health, models of clinical intervention. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Press.
Spieker, S., Solchany, J., McKenna, M., DeKlyen, M., and Barnard, K. (1999). The story of mothers who are difficult to engage in prevention programs. In J. Osofsky and H. E. Fitzgerald (Eds.), WAIMH handbook of infant mental health (Vol. 3, Chap. 6). New York: Wiley.
Spitz, R. A. (1945). Hospitalism: An inquiry into the genesis of psychiatric conditions in early childhood. Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 2, 53-73.
Spitz, R. A. (1946). Anaclitic depression: An inquiry into the genesis of psychiatric conditions in early childhood, II. Psychoanalytic Study of the Child, 2, 313-342.
Stern, D. (1985). Selective attunement. In D. N. Stern (Ed.), The interpersonal world of the infant (pp. 297-311). New York: Basic Books.
Stern, D., and Bruschweiler-Stern, N. (1998). The birth of a mother: How the motherhood experience changes you forever. New York: Basic Books—Perseus Book Group.
Stone, J., and Church, J. (1957). Childhood and adolescence. New York: Random House.
Sumner, G., and Spietz, A. (Eds.). (1994). NCAST: Feeding manual. Seattle, WA: Nursing Child Assessment Satellite Training.
Trad, P. V. (1990). On becoming a mother: In the throes of developmental transformation. Psychoanalytic Psychology, 7, 341-361.
van der Heever, J. (1990). Maternal love. Nursing RSA Verleding, 5, 114-116.
Wachs, T. D., Uzgiris, I. C., and Hunt, J. (1971). Cognitive development in infants of different age levels and from different environmental backgrounds: An explanatory investigation. Merrill-Palmer Quarterly, 17, 283-317.
Webster-Stratton, C. (1985). Comparison of abusive and nonabusive families with conduct-disordered children. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 55, 59-69.
Webster-Stratton, C. (1992). The incredible years. Toronto: Umbrella Press.
Winnicott, D. W. (1988). Babies and their mothers. Exeter, England: Short Run Press.
Winnicott, D. W. (1990). The maturation process and the facilitating environment. Exeter, England: BPCC Wheatons.
Yarrow, L. J., Rubenstein, J. L., and Pedersen, F. A. (1975). Infant and environment: Early cognitive and motivational development. Washington, DC: Hemisphere.
Was this article helpful?