Birth

• Sensitivity to pain

• Babies enjoy gentle touch

• Smell, taste, seeing, feeling, and hearing are well-developed

• Rapid brain growth

• Babies should sleep on their backs

Cognitive development

• Babies solve problems mostly by using their senses and motor skills

• When an object goes away, infants stop looking for it

• Babies depend on adults to help them figure out most everything

Social and emotional development

• Infants express their needs mainly through crying

• It is very important for basic needs to be met

• Infants are ready to begin forming attachment relationships with parents

Communication and language development

• Babies can recognize familiar voices

• Infants can mock certain facial expressions

• They communicate by crying to express hunger, pain, discomfort, and fatigue

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