Behavioral Definitions

1. Unable to give support, nurturing, and comfort to the traumatized child due to a high level of personal anxiety.

2. Lack the knowledge and skills necessary to help the traumatized child deal with overwhelming fear and anxiety.

3. Lack the resources necessary to protect the child from exposure to future traumatic events.

4. Unable or unwilling to acknowledge the profound effect of the trauma on the child's overall functioning.

5. The child has experienced physical and emotional trauma resulting from exposure to a catastrophic event (e.g., natural disaster, death, serious injury, terrorism, violence, war).

6. The child has been chronically exposed to highly disturbing life experiences (e.g., physical abuse, emotional abuse, sexual molestation, neglect, intense poverty, abandonment).

7. The child exhibits repression, denial, and failure to acknowledge, discuss, and deal with the traumatizing event.

8. The child demonstrates long-term obsession with the traumatizing event and the inability to adjust and normalize the life pattern.

9. The child re-experiences the event through flashbacks, nightmares, and/or constant thought pattern interruptions focusing on the traumatic experience.

10. The child experiences ongoing symptoms of increased arousal due to the traumatic experience including sleep difficulties, irritability, concentration difficulties, and hypervigilance.

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