1. Church and Sunday School are the terms used by the majority Christian religious communities in the United States. I will use those terms for convenience. Other religious groups use different terms that refer to similar practices. Jewish families often belong to a synagogue or temple, for example, and their children may spend Saturdays going to Hebrew School.

2. From a study conducted by W. Bradford Wilcox, reported by PBS on October 19, 2005, in its Religion and Ethics Newsweekly. The analysis is available at Table 1, which includes the relevant findings, is available at wnet/religionandethics/week908/Wilcox_Data.pdf. Both accessed May 20, 2008.

3. Roccas, S., and M. B. Brewer, (2002). Social identity complexity. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 6, 88-106.

4. Sherif, Muzafer, O. J. Harvey, B. Jack White, William R. Hood, Carolyn W. Sherif (1954/1961), Intergroup Conflict and Cooperation: The Robbers Cave Experiment. Available online here: Sherif/index.htm. Accessed April 13,2008.

5. Gaertner, S. L., J. F. Dovidio, P. A. Anastasio, B. A. Bachman, and M. C. Rust. The common ingroup identity model: Recategorization and the reduction of intergroup bias. In W. Stroebe & M. Hewstone (Eds.), European Review of Social Psychology, 4 (1993), 1-26.

6. Witt, A. P., and N. L. Kerr. "Me versus just us versus us all": Categorization and cooperation in nested social dilemmas. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 83 (2002), 616-637.

7. Accessed May 14, 2008, from -Americans-Attend-Church.aspx

8. Based on several internal and external UUA surveys, including the Case-bolt survey (2001) and the FACT survey (2000). The Casebolt survey offered seven labels and allowed respondents to select as many as they felt applied to them. "Humanist was a clear choice (54 percent), but agnostic (33 percent) beat out earth-centered (31 percent). Atheist was picked by 18 percent and Buddhist by 16.5 percent. Pagan and Christian tied at 13.1 percent." The UUA's 1997 in-house survey asked members to choose only one label. "The top choices were humanist (46 percent), earth/ nature-centered (19 percent), theist (13 percent), [and] Christian (9.5 percent)." Quotes from Dart, John, "Churchgoers from Elsewhere," The Christian Century (December 5,2001).

9. Accessed May 14,2008, from

10. Lee-St. John, Jeninne. "Sunday School for Atheists: An oxymoron? Nope— nonbelievers need places to teach their kids values too," TIME Magazine (December 3,2007), 99.

11. Accessed June 4, 2008, from _of_the_USA

12. Accessed June 4,2008, from

13. Accessed June 4,2008, from

14. Accessed June 4,2008, from

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