Home Treatment Approaches for Drug Addiction
Drugs and alcohol have been issues for teenagers for generations. What has changed, however, are the drugs of choice. According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, illicit drug use has declined significantly since its peak years in 1996 and 1997. Alcohol use among teenagers since that time has also decreased, although it is still the most widely used drug among young people. Marijuana use has basically remained stable, as well as tobacco use. What has increased is the use of prescription drugs and inhalants. These are actually two types of drug use we hear about frequently in our offices. We see kids who abuse alcohol, marijuana, and even heavier drugs such as cocaine and ecstasy. But there are also those that are a little more accessible like in the pantry or medicine cabinet. Ritalin, Vicodin, and OxyContin are being used more prevalently among teenagers today. They even trade these drugs at pharming parties. These drugs are easy to get, as many teenagers take Ritalin on a...
Bremner J.d. 2001 . Gender Differences In Cognitive And Neural Correlates Of Remembrance Of Emotional Words.
L. (1987). Single-unit response of noradrenergic neurons in the locus coeruleus of freely moving cats. II. Adaptation to chronically presented stressful stimuli. Journal of Neuroscience, 7, 2844-2848. Abercrombie, H. C., Speck, N. S., & Monticelli, R. M. (2005). Endogenous cortisol elevations are related to memory facilitation only in individuals who are emotionally aroused. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 31, 187-196. Alexander, K. W, Quas, J. A., Goodman, G. S., Ghetti, S., Edelstein, R. S., Redlich, A. D., et al. (2005). Traumatic impact predicts long-term memory for documented child sexual abuse. Psychological Science, 16, 33-40. Anderson, C. M., Teicher, M. H., Polcari, A., & Renshaw, P. F. (2002). Abnormal t2 relaxation time in the cerebellar vermis of adults sexually abused in childhood Potential role of the vermis in stress-enhanced risk for drug abuse. Psychoneuroen-docrinology, 27, 231-244. Arborelius, L., Owens, M. J., Plotsky, P. M., & Nemeroff,...
Some family characteristics are likely to be passed on from one generation to the next.The reasons may be due to genetics, similar ways of living, parenting styles, modeling of behaviors and coping strategies, or a combination of these and other factors.The good news is that positive, secure attachment relationships are often passed on to more than one generation. (For a description of attachment relationships, see fact sheets 2 and 3.) The bad news is that negative relationships and problems also can be passed on to more than one gener-ation.These problems can include child abuse and neglect, alcohol and drug abuse, domestic violence, criminal behaviors, and mental illness.
One of the main reasons that parents bring children to therapy is to modify troublesome behaviors, be they enuresis, stealing, lying, eating disorders, drug abuse, aggression, or withdrawal. Such conduct problems may affect relationships with parents, siblings, peers, or teachers and cause unhappiness not just for the child but for those in the near vicinity of the child.
Research has concluded that the following socioeconomic factors (nurture factors) can contribute significantly to a child's tendency to act out poverty, parental illness or joblessness, hunger and nutritional deficiencies, homelessness, parental drug abuse, and domestic violence or instability. The incidence of behavioral disturbance in toddlers and preschoolers drops substantially when families find support to ameliorate the above socioeconomic stressors through assistance programs related to health care, food pantries, drug rehabilitation centers, and quality day care preschool settings.
The Ritalin debate is as controversial in the field of AD HD as the MMR vaccination is in the field of autism. There are few subjects within AD HD more likely to create a heated debate than medication and whether or not we as parents should 'drug' our children. From reports of stunted growth, smaller brains, the likelihood of drug addiction in later life, even death, Ritalin and the use ofmedication for AD HD children has had some bad publicity. The vast majority of people who have AD HD use some form ofstimulant medication for their disorder and Ritalin has been in use for over forty years. However it is far more evident nowadays, due to both media attention and the increase in diagnoses of AD HD.
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