This means adopting an approach to therapy that is both future- and goal-oriented, looking in the direction that a child wants to move. Most approaches to metaphor therapy have followed a style that parallels the problem rather than having primary focus on the outcome. One of the few exceptions, apart from this book and Burns (2001), is Lankton and Lankton's Tales of Enchantment (1989) that contains goal-oriented stories for both adults and children. An outcome-oriented approach allows children the experience of knowing someone has heard and understood their problem and has the vision to see where they want to go and how they want to feel. As such it has the advantages of providing hope, direction, and practical steps.
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