The Sample

The initial sample consisted of 29 mother-child dyads who were residents of St. Peter, Minnesota, at the time of the March 29, 1998, tornado. Twenty-eight of the dyads participated in the second interview. Eleven of the children were girls. Six mothers participated with more than one child (one mother participated with three of her children, and five mothers participated with two of their children). Thus, 22 mothers participated in 29 unique mother-child pairs. The analyses summarized in this chapter were carried out on the full sample of 29 dyads. Parallel analyses on the smaller sample that results when only the 22 unique mothers are included revealed the same patterns (Bohanek, Van Abbema, Ackil, & Bauer, in preparation). Additional details about the sample (as well as procedures followed in data collection, reduction, and analysis) are available in Ackil et al. (2003); Bauer, Burch, Van Abbema, and Ackil (in press); and Bauer et al. (2005).

At the first interview, the children ranged in age from 3 to 11 years. This very wide age range allowed us to test whether age might interact with the nature of the event (traumatic versus nontraumatic) children were asked to recollect. To facilitate this analysis, we grouped the children into three age groups: 7 children were included in the "youngest" age group (M = 3.6 years; range = 2.6 to 4.9 years), 12 children were included in the "middle" age group (M = 6.3 years; range = 5.3 to 6.9 years), and 10 children were included in the "oldest" age group (M = 9.3 years;

range = 7.2 to 11.8 years). In spite of the wide age range and the use of a large number of analyses that might have been expected to yield them, there were relatively few age-related differences. Because a major focus of this chapter is possible differences between reports of traumatic and nontraumatic events, and because most of the age differences were main effects rather than interactions with event type, we feature little in the way of discussion of age trends in the data (the one interaction of Age x Event type is discussed; see Ackil et al., 2003; Bauer, Stark, et al., 2005; and Bauer,

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