figure 9.5. Developmental trends in false memory for distractors that are semantically or phonologically related to list targets as a function of the number of times (1 vs. 8) that semantic or phonological relations were cued by target materials. Source: Brainerd & Reyna, 2007.
basis of false memory. Specifically, as in Holliday and Weekes's research, the Sommers and Lewis (1999) phonological lists were used to create target lists in which some phonological relations (e.g., for the word cat) were exemplified once and other phonological relations (e.g., for the word hit) were exemplified eight times. The unpresented critical distractor for each relation was the false-memory item on the recognition test. The false-alarm rates for those items are shown in Figure 9.5. There, it can be seen that phonological false memory, unlike semantic false memory, did not display opposite developmental trends as a function of whether phonological relations had been repeatedly cued by the target materials. Instead, repeated cuing produced higher levels of false memory at all age levels, and phonological false memory decreased with age regardless of the level of phonological cuing.
Was this article helpful?
Parenting is a challenging task. As a single parent, how can you juggle work, parenting, and possibly college studies single handedly and still manage to be an ideal parent for your child? Read the 65-page eBook Single Parenting Becoming The Best Parent For Your Child to find out how. Loaded with tips, it can inspire, empower, and instruct you to successfully face the challenges of parenthood.