Semantic Ar Phonology

SEMANTIC8 PHONOLOGY8

figure 9.5. Developmental trends in false memory for distractors that are semantically or phonologically related to list targets as a function of the number of times (1 vs. 8) that semantic or phonological relations were cued by target materials. Source: Brainerd & Reyna, 2007.

basis of false memory. Specifically, as in Holliday and Weekes's research, the Sommers and Lewis (1999) phonological lists were used to create target lists in which some phonological relations (e.g., for the word cat) were exemplified once and other phonological relations (e.g., for the word hit) were exemplified eight times. The unpresented critical distractor for each relation was the false-memory item on the recognition test. The false-alarm rates for those items are shown in Figure 9.5. There, it can be seen that phonological false memory, unlike semantic false memory, did not display opposite developmental trends as a function of whether phonological relations had been repeatedly cued by the target materials. Instead, repeated cuing produced higher levels of false memory at all age levels, and phonological false memory decreased with age regardless of the level of phonological cuing.

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