Adopting a theoretical approach emphasizing the integration of the study of normal and atypical development utilizing multiple levels of analysis, we begin this chapter with a brief technical and historical overview of ERP methodology, followed by a survey of the major findings of ERP studies examining normative memory functioning in infants and children. In the penultimate section, the review of ERP and memory in normal populations will serve to set the stage for a more comprehensive understanding of the patterns of findings in ERP research with children who have experienced maltreatment. Finally, we suggest future research directions on ERPs and memory in samples of maltreated and nonmal-treated infants and children and discuss how such investigations could inform the design and implementation of randomized prevention and intervention trials with children who have experienced maltreatment.
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