Siblings, grandparents, and various nonparents play salient roles in infantcare, offering degrees of nurturing, involvement, stimulation, and entertainment that vary depending on a variety of factors, including age, gender, age gap, quality of attachment, personality, and the like. Often infant caregivers behave in a complementary fashion to one another, dividing the full labor of infant caregiving among themselves by emphasizing one or another parenting responsibility and activity (Bornstein et al.,

1995). Still unclear, however, are the cumulative long-term implications of these diverse patterns of early "parenting" relationships for infant development.

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